The oldest recorded information about plastic surgery is based on a medical document from ancient Egypt. Here we talk about fixing a broken nasal bone. As we can understand, the application of plastic surgery dates back to ancient times. Today, it is at a much more advanced level with developing medical and technological innovations. Recently, many plastic and aesthetic surgery operations have become popular, as aesthetic concerns have increased. Rhinoplasty, face lift, operations that regulate the body form, applications for rejuvenation are among the most preferred procedures. Apart from the aesthetic perception, medical disorders that could not be treated in the past, perhaps causing losses, are treated thanks to the developing technology. Plastic surgery should not be thought of as consisting of aesthetic concerns. Thanks to the developments in plastic surgery, problems such as injuries caused by burns, extra fingers, cleft lip, which prevent many people’s daily life, find solutions thanks to plastic surgery.
What Is Plastic Reconstructive Surgery?
Plastic surgery or plastic reconstructive is the name given to any surgical procedure performed to reconstruct a part of the body, replace and treat the damaged area. Plastic surgery, or plastic reconstructive and aesthetic surgery with its full name, is a branch of surgical medicine that covers reshaping of various damaged structures on the body, removal of tissue losses and all aesthetic operations.
The word “Plastic” means molding or forming and is of Greek origin. The word “Reconstructive” is of Latin origin and means to make again.
What Is Aesthetic (Cosmetic) Surgery?
Plastic surgery comes to mind when it comes to aesthetic surgery, but aesthetic surgery is a side branch of plastic surgery. Aesthetic surgery, also called cosmetic surgery, covers an average of 20% of plastic surgery. Although aesthetic concerns are at the forefront, aesthetic surgery is a medical intervention, for example, in some nose aesthetic operations, bone curvature or cartilage tissue disorders due to the patient’s difficulty in breathing are corrected during the rhinoplasty operation, as well as the aesthetic appearance.
Aesthetic surgery may not always be performed. When it comes to aesthetic surgery, surgeries that leave scars and incisions should not come to mind. Filling, stem cell applications or laser applications are also procedures that should be performed by aesthetic surgeons and dermatology specialists.
What Is The Difference Between Plastic Surgery And Aesthetic Surgery?
- Plastic Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery can change the appearance of the person, but its priority is to improve dysfunction, that is, dysfunction. That is, it is a treatment aimed at healing the parts of the body related to the dysfunction of a tissue or organ. For example, it can be used to attach limbs to the body that were severed as a result of an accident.
- Plastic surgery primarily deals with vital functions related to health. Aesthetic surgery, on the other hand, is aimed at correcting aesthetic deformations.
- Plastic surgeons also receive aesthetic surgery training during their specialization training. Becoming a plastic surgeon requires both surgical and artistic talent and requires longer training.
What Are The Sub-Branches Of Plastic Surgery?
Aesthetic (Cosmetic) Surgery:
It is carried out more with aesthetic concerns rather than a vital problem. It is applied to increase the aesthetic perception in a certain part of the face and body and to harmonize it with other limbs. Its main purpose is to achieve a healthy and personalized natural beauty.
Hand surgery, which is a surgical procedure that requires expertise, is related to issues such as congenital or acquired deformities, ruptures, repair of tendons and nerves, treatment of attached or extra fingers and severe burns.
Microsurgery is operations performed under a microscope with microsurgical instruments. Thanks to the suturing of very small vessels and nerves, it is possible to restore the function of the severed limb or tissues and attach them to their place.
Craniofacial surgery is the process of correcting congenital or acquired problems and deformities in the skull bones.
Maxillofacial surgery is about repairing bones in the face area. For example, it includes operations such as forward or backward removal of the jawbone, bone fractures in the face, congenital facial clefts.
Endoscopic surgery is performed without opening large incisions, using an instrument with a camera called an endoscopy.
What Are The Plastic Surgery Treatment Areas?
- Acute burns and post-burn deformations, contractions, shrinkage, damage to soft tissues by electrical and chemical substances.
- Removal of sweat gland related problems.
- Craniofacial – maxillofacial anomalies, deformities, irregularities, deficiencies of jaw, face and skull bones.
- Orthognathic surgery, facial bone fractures, jaw closure disorders.
- Salivary gland problems.
- Congenital tumor, nevus (me), masses, vascular malformations, hemangiomas
- Bone defects-fractures-shape and function disorders due to maxillofacial surgery, traffic accident, tumor and other reasons, jaw surgery
- Head and neck tumors and their repair
- Thoracic and abdominal wall disorders.
- Hand Surgery, injuries, tumors, finger transfers, finger repairs-extension
- Deficiencies and deformities in the hands and feet.
- Peripheral nerve problems, traumas, neuropathies, masses.
- Skin and soft tissue tumors.
- Wounds formed under the skin and under the skin due to various infections, radiation and other effects.
- Chronic wounds (such as pressure sores, venous wounds, diabetic foot wounds)
- Prominent ear and other deformities.
- Nasal disorders, tumors, ruptures.
- Facial deformities, asymmetries, congenital masses, rare facial clefts.
- Bone and soft tissue injuries of the face.
- Burns and scars that cause functional and deformities
- Cleft lip-palate.
- Absence, asymmetry and excess breast tissue.
- Breast reconstruction after cancer, that is, reconstruction..
- Gynecomastia (male breast enlargement).
- Congenital defects in the genital organ.
- Genital organ repair and reconnection of the severed organ.
What Are The Areas Of Aesthetic (Cosmetic) Surgery?
- Abdominoplasty (abdominoplasty)
- Aesthetic and functional nose and nose tip correction (rhinoplasty, tipplasty, septorhinoplasty)
- Face rejuvenation
- Face lift, eyelid and mouth contour revisions, treatment of wrinkles)
- Endoscopic face-forehead lift, eyebrow lift
- Eyelid aesthetics (blepharoplasty)
- Prominent ear repair.
- Chin augmentation and reduction operations (Mentoplasty),
- Removal of acne scars (scars / acne scars) and irregularities on the skin
- Hair transplants
- Genital area rejuvenation.
- Laser applications, skin peeling, removal of spots and veins
- Aesthetic chest operations; breast augmentation, breast reduction, breast lift and breast equalization.
- Operations to reduce excessive skin-subcutaneous adipose tissue (liposuction – lipectomy)
- Body shaping operations; arm lift and thigh lift, contour correction
- Contour corrections with soft tissue prostheses (hip and thigh implants, pectoral (chest) implants in men)
- Various skin care and skin conditioning treatments.
- All kinds of filling and botox procedures, skin rejuvenation, skin peeling, skin rejuvenation procedures, face lifts are also performed by plastic surgeons, although they are non-surgical procedures.