With plastic surgery methods, deformities in any part of the body, injuries caused by trauma or conditions that cause health problems can be solved. Contrary to popular belief, plastic surgery does not only perform aesthetic operations. Congenital or acquired deformities, tissue loss or dysfunction of the limbs are treated with plastic surgery operations. Although it is perceived as aesthetic that women experience breast loss, especially due to breast cancer, the main purpose is to do it for health. Basically, the first purpose of plastic surgery operations is to solve the functionality problem, and the next goal is aesthetic concerns.
Although it is known that plastic surgery is performed for aesthetic purposes in the society, it is applied in the treatment of existing diseases. The main purpose of plastic surgery is to gain functionality. Procedures performed with aesthetic concerns come second. People are able to find solutions to diseases that are experienced as a result of accident, congenital or genetic factors thanks to plastic surgery. Some of the diseases that can be solved by plastic surgery are;
- Post-Burn Treatment: Shape and function disorders caused by burns caused by different reasons are solved by plastic surgery. Surgical operation is applied to treat loss of sensation or deformities in the tissues.
- Cystic moles on the face: some moles have a cystic or cancerous structure. Thanks to plastic surgery, these moles are removed and the person regains his health.
- Soft tissue traumas: tissue losses in soft tissues as a result of some accidents are solved by plastic surgery.
- Cleft lip and palate surgery: There is developmental delay in the palate and lips of babies due to the developmental problems experienced especially during pregnancy. Cleft lip and palate are treated by plastic surgery within 3 to 12 months after birth.
- Facial deformities: Some people have congenital or accidental deformities in their facial regions. Hidden ailments such as chin shift, cheekbone fracture or eyelid droop are treated with plastic surgery.
- Anomalies: Deformities that occur in the mother’s womb or after it, especially in the face area, are called anomalies. Such problems are solved by surgery.
- Tumors in different parts of the body: Even if the tumors on the body, which are caused by genetic predisposition or environmental factors, are not a health problem, they can cause a decrease in the quality of life when they become apparent from the outside. In this case, these tumors are removed with plastic surgery treatment.
What Areas Does Plastic Surgery Deal With Other Than Disease?
Many people benefit from plastic surgery to provide an aesthetic appearance apart from health problems. It is possible to solve the non-aesthetic appearance in various regions with plastic surgery. Plastic surgery procedures performed for aesthetic purposes;
- Rhinoplasty: The most common aesthetic procedure in plastic surgery is rhinoplasty.
- Facelift: It is the operation performed to tighten the sagging in the face area.
- Hair transplantation: Although it is not well known, hair transplantation is among the aesthetic procedures of plastic surgery. It is the most preferred aesthetic plastic surgery procedure, especially by male patients.
- Abdominal stretching: It is the process of removing excess skin in the area of sagging in the abdomen caused by birth or excessive weight loss.
Cosmetic Plastic Surgery
The cosmetic and aesthetic procedures of plastic surgery are;
- Eyelid aesthetic
- Forehead and temple stretching
- Prominent ear surgery
- Laser applications
- Leg contour correction
- Skin care and skin rejuvenation procedures
- Chin reduction or augmentation operations
- Brow lift
- Tickle surgeries
- Facial rejuvenation operations
What Are The Plastic Surgery Diagnostic Methods?
Examination is very important before plastic surgery operations. In pre-examinations, full-scale information and extent of the patient’s existing ailment are learned with diagnostic methods. In order to calculate the risk factors of the surgical procedure, if there is any disease before the surgical procedure to be applied, diagnostic tests should be performed in the preliminary examination. The most commonly used diagnostic methods in plastic surgery are;
X-rays, which are one of the techniques in which the deformities of the problems existing in plastic surgery are displayed most clearly, provide detailed views of bone and soft tissue in x-rays. Thanks to this imaging, the size of the patient’s shape or tissue defect can be learned clearly. In the X-ray process, there is a very small amount of radiation exposure. X-ray, which is one of the diagnostic methods, is generally used to view deformities in the nose, ears, hands and some parts of the body.
Although x-rays are generally used as the first diagnostic imaging method, x-ray imaging is not sufficient in some cases. At this point, the computerized tomography method comes into play. With sound waves, deformities in the tissue and bone structure in the region and the diseased structure are displayed. Depending on the disease intended to be diagnosed, tomography is applied with or without medication.
In this procedure, organs, tissues and bone are imaged in detail using small amounts of X-rays. Disorders that cannot be visualized in X-ray or computed tomography are detected with high image quality by MR.
Mammography, this diagnostic method is usually applied before plastic surgery operations related to the breast. The control application before the operation is performed to determine whether there is any tumor or cancer on the breast. This diagnostic method is not only for a surgical procedure, it is a method that women should have regularly done every year. If there is no problem in the breast area as a result of the mammography application, plastic surgery procedures related to the breast can be performed.
It is possible for people to learn whether there is any disease by having a routine blood test. The blood test, which is the most applied method among the diagnostic methods, is applied in many branches of medicine. As a result of blood values, it is determined whether the person has a disease or which disease he has. A blood test is performed before all surgical procedures. In this way, it is determined whether the patient has any infection or other disease, and whether he or she is suitable for surgery. If there is an existing disease, the person is either not taken into operation or an application is made according to the awareness of the disease. In cases where a blood test is not performed, the risk of operation is likely to be higher.
A gynecological examination is performed before vaginal aesthetic operations, which have become widespread among women. It is controlled inside the vagina with a special device. In this examination, the width of the vagina and the size of the vulva are learned. With this diagnostic method, it is determined whether the person is suitable for the operation.