Plastic surgery is the name given to the operations that cover the aesthetic appearance of a part of the body or all the changes made to solve the existing health problem. If the person is not aesthetically satisfied with his appearance or due to illness, accident, congenital problems, problem areas on the face or body are corrected by surgical operation. Although the first purpose of plastic surgery is to regain lost functions, it is applied to gain physical aesthetic appearance.
Cleft Palate And Lip
In the first weeks of development before babies are born, the edges of the lips and palate are formed. However, in some cases, the lip and palate cannot complete their development and the baby is born with a deformity. This is a situation that occurs in one out of every 1000 babies. At this point, the surgeon recommends a surgical operation to correct the structure of the lip and palate. Beforehand, arrangements such as the day, date and place of the surgical operation are made with the specialist. This operation is performed when babies are between 6 and 10 weeks old. In order to correct the cleft lip, an incision is made on both sides of the lip and the muscles in the area are repaired. The cleft lip is closed by capturing the intraoral and skin repair. The stitches taken during the operation are removed after an average of 5 days. The scar formed in the process does not go away completely, but becomes less obvious over time.
Cleft palate operation is performed when the child is between 3 and 12 months old. In the operation, incisions are made on both sides of the slit, and the tissues in the damaged part are corrected and the incision is closed. Since the child cannot be fed comfortably after the operation, he is fed intravenously for a while. After a few weeks, it is gradually passed to normal nutrition with the recommendation of the doctor.
Since the skin cancers, which are noticed by some changes on the skin, are cancer of the cells in the area, the operations performed to treat the area are called skin cancer surgery. Usually seen on the skin
- Dry, scaly red spots
- White and pink colored masses
- Shelled tubers
- Small masses with crusts
- White patchy shapes resembling scars
- Wounds that do not heal for more than 4 weeks
- Tissues with continuous bleeding
- Moles larger than 6 mm
Tissue appearances similar to this are accepted as cancer-risk tissues. The samples to be taken from these tissues are determined by pathological evaluation whether they are cancerous or not. The cancerous tissues are removed by surgical operation and aesthetic applications are made according to the location and size of the region.
The treatment of burns as a result of accidents is also done with plastic surgery. According to the degree of burns, it is determined whether the operation will be done structurally or visually. When burns are experienced, the correct first intervention is very important for the next stage of treatment. In accidents resulting in burns, first of all, the clothes in the area where the burn occurred should be removed. In burns caused by the active substance, the area should be washed with water, but in chemical burns, it will not be correct to wash it with water. In severe burns, they should be directed to the burn treatment center as soon as possible and first aid should be given. The treatment of tissue and muscle loss caused by burns can be treated with plastic surgery depending on the damage rate.
Thanks to the developing medical and technological innovations, active developments have been observed in hand surgery recently. Hand surgery, which aims to correct the aesthetically formed images along with the function of hand use, is becoming quite successful with new methods. Before the surgical operation, the patient is primarily given physical therapy. Physical therapy can make it easier for the hand to perform its functions more easily. With the exercises to be done, hand movements become more functional over time. However, in some cases, there are situations where physical therapy is insufficient. At this point, hand surgery comes into play. There are changes in the operation to be applied according to the size of the problem in the hand region. Likewise, the success rate and recovery time vary according to the operation performed. After the surgical operation, physical therapy continues for the period determined by the specialist.
With the surgical procedures known as eyebrow lifting operation among the forehead and temples, the deep transverse lines between the eyebrows and the drooping of the eyebrows due to age or genetic reasons are solved by plastic surgery. Stress, environmental factors, irregular diet or genetic predisposition cause such problems. These images, which are more aesthetically unpleasant than health problems, find a solution with plastic surgery. Generally, the procedures applied for people over the age of 40 are also performed at an earlier age, depending on the discomfort of the situation experienced. These deep lines are opened with the application in the form of stretching from the hair roots. There are traces of 4-5 cm on the roots of the hair. However, these scars are invisible because they are covered with hair. Eyebrow lift and forehead lift operation are applied together. In addition, a partial eyebrow lift is also performed with only temple lift operation. The procedure is performed under general anesthesia and takes an average of 1-1.5 hours. You can be discharged the same day after the operation. In the first days after the surgical operation, swelling and edema are experienced. The applied dressing is removed after 2 days, and the swelling and bruises go away on their own within 2 weeks. Stitches are removed after 5 to 7 days. It is recommended to rest for at least 2 weeks after the operation. Heavy sports should not be done during this period. Although the number of lifts, forehead lifts, temple lifts varies from person to person, it provides permanence between 5 and 10 years.
Breast Repair Operation
Breast reconstruction operations performed after breast loss after tumor or cancer diseases are among the most applied procedures in the field of plastic surgery. In the past, when there was not enough technology and medical knowledge, women’s breast loss after a difficult process such as cancer causes psychologically difficult times. However, with the technological developments experienced today, women who experience breast loss can have a new breast repair operation at the same time after the cancerous breast is removed. In the operation, the oncologist and the plastic surgeon manage the operation together. With the simultaneous application of two operations, the patient is both recovering from the disease and coming out of the operation with a new appearance, unaware of the time he was without breasts. However, although this situation is psychologically and visually pleasing, your doctor decides whether these two procedures can be performed at the same time. In patients who are not considered suitable for two operations, the breast with cancer or tumor is removed first. After a while, breast repair operation is performed. Since the operation is a surgical procedure, it carries the risks of every operation. While breast removal operation, which is the first procedure in breast repair surgeries, is performed with general anesthesia, breast repair can also be performed with local anesthesia. You can be discharged within 2 to 5 days after breast reconstruction surgery. Stitches are removed after 10 days. It may take up to 6 weeks for you to return to your daily life. In prosthetic surgeries, this period is shorter. Your surgical scars will become less visible in an average of 1-1.5 years.