Obesity is the condition of gaining excessive weight as a result of genetic predispositions, not doing sports and exercising, and malnutrition. Obesity is considered a disease due to the decrease in quality of life and health problems due to diseases such as diabetes, blood pressure, fatty liver caused by excess weight. Those with a body mass index of 35-40 and above are considered obese. Obesity surgery is applied to those who cannot lose weight despite diet, exercise and medical treatment methods accompanied by expert support. Due to being overweight, problems such as diabetes, cancer and infertility are experienced in people. Experiencing restrictions on movements due to their weight negatively affects the social life of individuals. Overweight people, who cannot lose weight with their own efforts and have problems in their health and social life, will both lose weight and their health problems will gradually disappear thanks to obesity surgery. Following the obesity surgery, following the diet program recommended by the specialist, and those who exercise at least at walking level, lose 50% to 80% of their existing weight and lose weight. After the operation, by feeding liquid in the first stage, then by low-carbohydrate, high-protein diets and plenty of water consumption, weight loss processes will accelerate and the targeted weight will be achieved. If those who have health problems and fulfill the necessary conditions cannot lose weight by their own efforts, it will be possible for them to lose weight quickly and healthily with the most suitable bariatric surgery method.
What Is Bariatric Surgery?
Obesity surgery is called obesity surgery when the person’s body mass index is between 35-40 and due to overweight, it causes diseases such as respiratory problems and diabetes. It is a surgical method preferred by those who have tried all diet methods and sports methods due to their excess weight and have no obstacle for the operation without results.
Who Is Obesity Surgery Applied To?
- Those with a body mass index between 35 and 40
- Those who have diseases such as blood pressure, diabetes, sleep apnea due to excess weight
- For those who cannot lose weight despite 1 year of expert support
- For those who do not have an obstacle to surgery
- Those who do not have addictions such as alcohol, drugs, cigarettes
- For those who do not have a medical obstacle to the operation
- Those who have a clear perception and comply with the necessary directives after the operation
What Are The Risks Of The Operation?
Bariatric surgery, like other surgical operations, is a procedure with risk factors. There are post-operative or long-term risks. The risks in obesity surgeries are;
- Blood coagulation
- Respiratory problems
- Intestinal obstruction
- Leakage in the gastrointestinal tract
- Dizziness, nausea after the operation
- Ulcer, reflux
- Reaction to anesthesia
- Possibility of a second surgery
- The vital risk is the same as with other surgeries.
Is There A Diet Before Bariatric Surgery?
Dietary practices are very important for those who decide to have obesity surgery, both for preparation for the operation and for an easy transition after it. Even a little weight loss helps the body prepare for bariatric surgery and reduces the rate of temporary complications immediately after the operation. By reducing the rate of liver fattening with the diet applied before the operation, it will provide faster removal of the fat in the abdominal region. Before the obesity surgery, the things to be considered about nutrition are;
- Attention should be paid to the amount of food consumed.
- High carbohydrate foods should not be consumed.
- Saturated fats should not be used.
- Foods with high sugar content should not be consumed.
- Before the operation, it should be fed mainly on vegetables.
- Attention should be paid to abundant water consumption.
How Much Weight Is Lost After The Operation?
The results of obesity surgery differ according to the patients. Previous health problems of the person, weight before surgery, adaptation to diet, exercise affect the weight lost after bariatric surgery. Weight loss rates vary according to the method applied. Those who have had gastritis bypass surgery lose 60-80% of weight, while those who have gastric sleeve surgery experience a weight loss of 50-70%.
How Long Do You Stay In The Hospital After Bariatric Surgery?
After the obesity surgery, there are changes in the time spent in the hospital according to the surgical method and the personal diseases of the patient. In general, after an operation without any problems, they need to stay in the hospital for 1-2 nights on average.
How Should Nutrition Be After The Operation?
After the operation, you should follow the recommendations of your doctor who performed the surgical procedure. Special dietitian support should be obtained if needed. Liquid diet is applied immediately after obesity surgery. There is variety in the diet applied in the 3-month period after the operation. In this process, you should drink plenty of water and consume easily digestible foods rich in vitamins and minerals.
Is There An Age Limit For Obesity Surgery?
For the application of obesity surgery, it is necessary to be between the ages of 18-60 with a body mass index of 35-40 and above.
How Long After Bariatric Surgery Can You Get Pregnant?
The recovery period of obesity surgery covers a long period compared to other surgeries. Women who have had sleeve gastrectomy should not get pregnant as their recovery continues for 18 months after the operation. Men, like women, should pay attention to this process so that their children are not genetically obese.
How Long After Obesity Surgery Can You Do Sports?
After the obesity surgery, different sports activities are performed according to certain dates. After the operation, sports and exercise affect your weight loss process. As your metabolic rate will increase, your weight loss speed will increase as well. However, at this point, you should avoid doing heavy sports. As a result of heavy sports, problems such as heart rhythm disorder and pain in the joints are experienced. The sports process after obesity surgery is;
- Slow-paced 40-minute walks should be done immediately after the operation.
- From the 15th day after the operation, non-strenuous exercises such as pilates, yoga and swimming can be started.
- After the obesity surgery, weighted sports are started from the 2nd month.